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Ethical rules of the journal

Editorial staff of the journal «Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice» invites its readers to find out more about ethical rules that we rely upon in our work.

Editorial staff of the journal «Medical Technologies. Assessment and Choice»:
relies in its work upon Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals .
follows the principle of editorial freedom and consistently  abides to  independent policy of selecting and publishing materials due to their actuality, novelty, clarity of their presentation and scientific validity, and not on the basis of commercial success of the journal;
constantly improves the journal, aiming at fullest possible satisfaction of readers’ and authors’ needs;
takes all available action to ensure the quality of materials published through close co-operation with authors and reviewers; 
ensures that materials reflecting different outlooks could be published is ready to admit mistakes and to publish corrections, refinements, denials and apologies where relevant. 

Authorship criteria are: 
major direct involvement in research fulfillment, results of which are given in the article, i.e. concept and research design development, data collection, analysis and interpretation;
drafting of the article or critical analysis of the fundamental aspects of its content;
approval of the final version of the article to be published;
full access to all the research data and agreement to bear responsibility for sustainability and accuracy of the analysis performed. 
Authorship of the article is determined by those who conducted research and sent the manuscript for publishing. Order in which authors of the article are listed is determined by their coordinated decision. All the authors should authorize manuscript submitted to the editorial staff, which means that they bear responsibility for the content of publication. All the participants, named the authors, are entitled to the authorship.  When sending the article authors have right to specify in the cover letter contribution of each author to the preparation of the article, and this information can be published. 
When several authors are present, writing team appoints one of the authors to be a person of contact to the editorial staff. The editorial staff maintains correspondence on all the questions with the responsible author, who in his/her turn commits to approve all relevant issues with other authors.
Authors have right to extend their gratitude to the participants, whose role does not meet the criteria of authorship, but who contributed a lot to the research fulfillment or its description, e.g. data collection and processing, text editing, management of the researchers’ team, solving organizational issues, etc. By the decision of the authors, these participants could be listed in a certain section of the article (“Acknowledgements”, “Credits”, etc.). At the same time, they should provide written authorization to their names disclosure, as the readers might assume that these people approved data and conclusions given in the article. 

Observance of patients’ rights and guarantee of confidentiality
When publishing research results with the involvement of people as research subjects, the author should provide approval of this research by the ethics committee as well as confirmation of compliance of the research with the Helsinki Declaration and Good Clinical Practice. The editorial staff might request from the authors grounds for using certain approaches as well as proof that ethics committee approved questionable aspects of the research, and that patients that took part in the research signed voluntary informed consent.
It is prohibited to publish information that might disclose patient's identity: last name and the initials, patient's address, registry number of medical record, etc. Pictures provided for publication should not lead to patients’ identity disclosure. 

Validity of the provided results
Authors bear responsibility for the validity of the results provided in the article. The editorial staff take all possible measures to verify the results and conclusions validity in the manuscript. Thereto it engages official reviewers and when needed additional experts in certain areas of medicine. 
In order to provide impartial, independent and objective expert assessment of the manuscripts under consideration and to avoid conflict of interest, editorial staff conducts review in strict adherence to adopted reviewing rules of the journal. Reviewers are informed that articles are subjects of private property of the authors and fall into the category of classified information. Reviewing is conducted in a confidential manner. Reviewers submit review to the editorial staff, in which they demonstrate actuality of the performed studies, completeness and validity of the data quoted, degree of novelty of results, their scientific and practical importance, economic and social values, as well as well-founded conclusions about the article in general, comments, recommendations for improvement, if needed. The author of the article under review is given the opportunity to see the review. 
Decision to publish the article in the journal is made based upon conclusions of the reviewers and the responses from the authors stating whether it could be submitted as is or  needs to be refined or  is declined. 
In cases when authors disagree with the reviewers' opinions, they are entitled to submit well-reasoned response to the editorial staff of the journal. Inability or unwillingness of the authors to take into account comments and recommendations of the reviewers are reasons to decline the article for further examination. In case of dispute, an article might be submitted for additional review. 
When decision to publish the article is made, the editorial staff informs the author and announces estimated deadline of publishing. In cases when the article is declined, the editorial staff sends the author extensive rejection reasons. 
When submitting manuscript to the editorial staff, authors should point out in the cover letter which institutions conducted the study and in the frames of which scientific programs it was undertaken. If after publishing the article it turns out that it contained false data, editorial staff is obliged to publish this information in the next issue of the journal. Reasons for this could be investigational findings provided by the institution where the study took place sent to the editorial staff. At the same time, the editorial staff will be obliged to question validity of the previously published works of these authors. The editorial staff is entitled to refer to the institution where the authors are employed in order to check the validity of the previously published works of these authors. In the absence of confirmation, the editorial staff is entitled to publish information that the validity of the previous works is not confirmed. 

Conflict of interest 
In terms of manuscript preparation, conflict of interest may emerge in cases when one of the participants of the publication and reviewing process (author, reviewer or editor) has liabilities that might affect his or her judgment. Reasons for conflict of interest, emerging in the process of publication, might be financial and personal relationships, scientific rivalry, intellectual preferences of the direct participants of publishing activities (authors, reviewers, editors) as well as of their close relatives.
All the participants of the process of manuscript preparation for publishing should inform the editorial staff of all possible reasons for conflict of interest. When submitting the manuscript authors should indicate presence or absence of conflict of interest on the title page. 
Authors are entitled to list those specialists to whom the manuscript should not be sent due to the possible, usually professional, conflict of interest. This information is strictly confidential and is taken into account by the editorial staff when organizing reviewing.
Reviewers are obliged to inform the editorial staff about the potential emergence of the conflict of interest when conducting the review and about the reasons for change in their opinion in regards to the manuscript. They have right to refuse reviewing a particular article, if they are confident their decision is well-grounded.
The editorial staff may use the information regarding conflict of interest or financial interest provided by authors, reviewers, members of the editorial board to justify decision on publication. The editorial staff is entitled to publish this information if considers it relevant for the article assessment.  

Publication of negative results
The editorial staff is ready to publish the results of any accurately performed research regardless of whether the results are negative or positive.

Manuscripts' correction 
The editorial staff is entitled to edit, reduce the length of published materials and adapt them to journal’s headings. Ready to be printed article with corrections made by the editorial staff is sent to the authors for approval in line with the existing rules. In order to reduce as much as possible the incompleteness and inaccuracy of information in the bibliography, which follow the article, editor in all cases checks all the links.
When finding mistakes in the published articles, editorial staff publishes information on their correction. 

When the article is accepted for publishing, authors empower editor to publish advance notification about the upcoming article; assign distribution rights to the third parties; provide unlimited access to articles, information (materials) about the authors, address for correspondenceñå on the journal’s web-site; provide international information databases with unlimited access to electronic copies of the article, authors’ information and address for correspondence.
Authors reserve the right to: use published data for their further studies, preparation of theses, monographs, guidance and other scientific publications with obligatory reference  to publication in the journal; post electronic copies of the article on their personal web-sites, web-sites of institutions where the research was carried out and  of professional organizations and associations, which the authors belong to.
At the same time, authors are not entitled to pass over to the third parties the right to distribute or provide unlimited public access to the article. 
When sending the article to the editorial staff, authors should state it in the cover letter their consent to assign their copyright. Copyright assignment agreement comes into effect at the moment when the editorial staff accepts the article for publishing. In case the article is not accepted for publishing, agreement herein does not come into effect, of which the editorial staff informs the author within 5 days after article submission. 

Repeated (duplicate) publications
The editorial staff does not accept articles that were simultaneously sent to other journals. Authors in the cover letter should ensure that the article was not previously published, as well as was not sent to other journal for examination and publishing. These rules do not apply to the articles that were not accepted for publishing in other journals, as well as to published works containing preliminary results of the research. 
The editorial staff welcomes when the authors provide information about their previously published works on the topic and about materials included in the submitted article. Copies of these materials should be attached to the submitted article in order to help the editorial staff to make a decision on whether this article falls into category of repeated (duplicate) publications. Such publications imply that contents of the article submitted has a lot in common with the contents of the already published work in printed media or in electronic edition.
On a case-by-case basis, the editorial staff may decide upon publishing a duplicate article.  Such decisions are usually motivated by the goal of covering with the materials contained in the article as many representatives of the medical community as possible.
If after publishing the article, it will be revealed that similar article had been published in other periodicals and the authors had not passed this information to the editorial staff, in the next issue of the journal a note stating that this is a repeated or duplicate publication will be published with or without the author’s explanation or confirmation. 
Duplicate publications are carried out in strict correspondence with international copyright law, ethical norms, policy of the publishing house who first published the article and with authors’ consent. Publishers who made duplicate publication should be provided with the copy of the original version. On the front page of the duplicate version there should be a statement that the article was fully or partly published and there should be a link to the original publication. 

Correspondence and publication of critical feedback
The editorial staff of the journal offers its readers the opportunity to send via postal service or e-mail their comments, questions and critical feedback to the published articles, as well as short messages and comments that do not refer to any previously published articles. All letters received by the editorial staff are accepted for consideration. 
All received critical feedback is under consideration of the editorial staff and editorial board. Authors of the critical materials should provide information on adverse interests or conflict of interest. If the criticism of the published work is well-grounded, the journal takes the responsibility to publish critical feedback. Authors of the criticized articles are provided with the opportunity to publish their response. 
Encouraging discussion on the articles published in the journal, the editorial staff takes responsibility to carefully review all critical materials in order to uncover coarse, inaccurate and slanderous statements and not to let any personal comments that affect judgment or facts. 

Business reasons 
Publications are free of charge. Absence of financial liabilities between the authors and the editorial staff allows the latter to pursue independent publishing policy and select those articles which are considered up-to-date and of high quality. 
In order to cut costs of the journal and to ensure its availability to a wide range of specialists, the editorial staff offsets the costs by placing some informational materials. Informational leaflets are strictly limited to pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, healthcare products that are registered and approved for circulation by law. 
The editorial staff makes commitment to refuse publishing informational materials in which false information is revealed. 

Complaints and appeals
In case of disclosure of violations in work ethics of the editorial staff, authors, readers and reviewers are entitled to file a request to the editorial board of the journal.
Complaints and appeals are considered within 1 month. Responses to the complaints are being sent to the claimant in writing. .
Only complaints that have claims that authors, reviewers or the editorial staff of the journal violated ethical norms are regarded. Complaints and appeals calling to decline of the article due to its low scientific level are not taken into account, as this issue is under exclusive competence of the editorial staff and the editorial board of the journal. 
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