Estimation of Socioeconomic Burden of Lung Cancer in the Russian Federation
M. V. Avxentyeva1, 2, 3, F. V. Gorkavenko1, A. V. Nikitina1, A. G. Savilova1, Ę. V. Gerasimova1, 3, N. Z. Musina1, 3, V. V. Omelyanovskiy2, 4
1. Center of Healthcare Quality Assessment and Control of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
2. Financial Research Institute at the Ministry of Finances of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
3. I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
4. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia
The aim of this study was to estimate the socio-economic burden of lung cancer (LC) in the Russian Federation.
Methodology: the social burden of LC is defined as the number of patients newly diagnosed with LC in 2016, those who are followed-up in oncology clinics, disabled and deceased persons. The economic burden consists of total direct and indirect costs associated with LC and estimated from a government perspective. Direct medical costs include costs for diagnosis, inpatient and outpatient treatment, palliative care, follow-up costs, and expenditures for the subsidized drug coverage. Direct non-medical costs include payments for sickness and disability caused by LC. Indirect costs were calculated as a loss of a gross domestic product due to LC morbidity and mortality. Calculations were based on the methods described in Ignatieva V. I. et al. (2014) and adapted by the authors of this study to new methods of inpatient medical care payment. Indirect costs were calculated by the friction cost method. The sensitivity
analysis was conducted to estimate the impact of initial parameters` variations, as well as the impact of indirect costs estimation with the human capital
methods, on the results.
Results. In 2016, medical care was provided to 185,631 patients with LC, of whom 51,768 (27.9%) were newly diagnosed during the year. Direct medical costs were about 6.83 billion rubles. Most costs were incurred in inpatient care (4.09 billion rubles, 60.0%) and for the subsidized drug coverage (1.49 billion rubles, 21.8%). Direct non-medical expenses were about 5.76 billion rubles, 5.16 billion (89.7%) were disability-related payments. Indirect costs were about 14.77 billion rubles (friction cost method).
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